Coronary Disease Causes and Management

Smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity have all been shown to increase an individual’s susceptibility to coronary heart disease. Here are some of the most common Coronary causes and how you can manage the condition.

 

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Coronary disease, also known as Coronary Heart Disease, occurs when coronary circulation (blood flow) fails to supply adequate circulation to the cardiac muscle and its surrounding tissue.
This is far and away the most common disease affecting the heart, and it is a significant cause of premature death worldwide. The causes of coronary disease are widespread, numerous, and often difficult to discern from one another.

There are biological, hereditary, and environmental concerns that can all play a significant role in the disease’s formation and progression. As such, the best method of prevention is to live a healthy lifestyle and minimize environmental risks. Once diagnosed, the disease can be managed or curbed significantly with a number of lifestyle changes or medications; generally it is attacked from a number of sides.

Causes of Coronary Disease

Smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity have all been shown to increase an individual’s susceptibility to coronary heart disease. Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and radiation therapy to the chest are also linked to the prevalence of the condition.

Perhaps most surprisingly, individuals exhibiting a Type A personality, indicated by an increased desire to compete, sense of urgency, and higher levels of stress and anxiety, have been proven to have coronary disease at a significantly higher rate than the rest of the population; thus indicating that even behavioral patterns play a large part in the formation of the condition.

h2>Managing the condition

There are a number of lifestyle changes that can help prevent the disease from worsening significantly or perhaps stop the progression altogether. It mostly depends on what caused it initially (often times when genetics are the culprit, medication must play a much larger role). Weight control has been consistently linked to heart disease, but this “solution” is often a chicken and egg type problem.

Losing weight can only help if the individual was obese or significantly overweight in the first place. If the individual is a heavy smoker, ceasing to smoke will generally have positive results but can be offset by weight gains often made after smoking is stopped. Exercise, not simply for the purpose of weight gain, can have a tremendous impact on heart health by strengthening the muscle, improving circulation, and providing cardiovascular endurance.

Lately, science has made tremendous strides in linking what particular foods or food groups increase and decrease the risk of heart disease. While the general consensus is that red meat, bad fats, and many animal based foods in general increase an individual’s susceptibility to the condition whilst plant based foods decrease it, there are a number of distinct exceptions. Fish oil and Omega-3’s in particular have a strong ability to prevent or reduce the risk of heart disease.

There is also a veritable carousel wheel of medications that help treat the condition. Medications such as statins help reduce the levels of “bad” cholesterol (LDL’s). Nitroglycerin, ACE inhibitors (which reduce hypertension), Calcium channel and Beta blockers, and Aspirin (low dose for chronic) all help manage or treat the condition with a wide variety of side effects.

In major cases, surgical intervention may be necessary, ranging from an artery bypass to a full heart transplant.

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