When a rash is accompanied by a fever, or vice versa, you likely have a viral or bacterial infection. These infections are usually treatable, but some are potentially deadly so it pays to know what to look out for.
Below are just a few common medical conditions that may pop up, characteristically marked by rash and high fever.
Stop Them Before They Happen
Most of the conditions listed below are preventable. Bacterial infections are treatable by taking doctor-prescribed antibiotics, which beef up the immune system and run those germs out of the body. Viral infections, on the other hand, go away by themselves. You can only make the patient as comfortable as possible, treat the rash, feed them liquids, and keep contact to a minimum.
Furthermore, to reduce the likelihood that you will contract one of these diseases, you can wash your hands thoroughly and often, be sure that you have all your proper vaccinations if applicable, stay out of wooded areas when the skin is exposed, guard against unsanitary contact with your pet, and avoid all contact with an infected person.
Roseola is caused by the human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6). This viral infection is most prevalent in infants and toddlers between the ages of 4 months and 4 years. What’s most frightening about this disease is the extremely high fever, which reaches heights of 105 degrees. Fevers that high can kill an infant and/or cause severe seizures, which can lead to brain damage and paralysis.
In a few days, the fever will go down on its own, as the characteristic rose-colored rash sets in. Unlike most rashes, Roseola rashes do not itch and it creates a map-like design at the body’s center that spreads out to the limbs. Patients may experience cold- and flu-like symptoms and swollen lymph nodes, in addition to fever and rash.
Chickenpox is another viral infection characterized by fever and an itchy, red rash that covers the entire body. Chickenpox is also common in children, but sometimes adults can contract the disease. What’s worse is that chickenpox can reoccur much later in adult life (a condition known as shingles) if your immune system is compromised.
Shingles brings more severe symptoms, including joint pain, hearing loss, fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes, partial eye and face muscle paralysis, vision problems, etc. Shingles can also lead to the excruciatingly painful condition known as postherpetic neuralgia once nerve damage from the disease occurs.
Scarlet Fever is a bacterial infection that occurs mostly in children. It stems from the bacteria, A. streptococcus, which also causes strep throat. The first sign that the disease has set in is a sore throat and an unusually high fever (101 degrees and above). The rash that soon appears on the neck and chest is rough in texture, red and itchy.
Like Roseola, this rash spreads all over the body and other symptoms include flu-like symptoms. Most distinctly, scarlet fever is characterized by what is known as a strawberry tongue, which is swollen and bright red. The disease is highly contagious and can be transmitted just like the common cold.